34 Bitlloch, Ruben Eduardo:
El objetivo de esta investigación
es el estudio de las sociedades indígenas de Tierra del Fuego y Patagonia
Occidental. Así como del proceso de apropiación privada de la tierra
en esos territorios, que en el presente forman parte de Argentina y Chile, y de
las consecuencias que el mismo tuvo para sus antiguas habitantes. Además,
una atenta lectura de las fuentes le permitió al autor, poder afirmar que
en el espacio geográfico por él estudiado coexistieron distintas
tribus y no solamente cuatro, como tradicionalmente se considera. Tribus que pasaban
de la coexistencia al enfrentamiento y a nuevos repartos de sus respectivos territorios,
o fundiéndose entre sí para formar nuevas etnias.
Las tribus nómades canoeras y pedestes del extremo sur americano.
Un estudio de la literatura etnohistórica (siglos XVI-XX)
2002. XIV, 480 p., 16 Fotos, 3 Karten und eine Einlegekarte, 40 EUR. ISBN
35 Röseberg, Martin Christian:
This study is intended as a contribution
towards improved understanding of factors influencing the sustainability of small
farmer organization in rural development. The three distinct perspectives of grassroots-oriented
methodologies of research and change; wider social, historical and political contexts;
and actual organizational processes are applied in order to explain the multitude
of contradictions conditioning development processes and outcomes in ways which
offen do not correspond to the supposed intentions of the actors involved. The
study relates to practical examples of participatory methodology und small farmer
organizations development within the FAO People’s Participation Program in the
Sri Lankan dry zone und agrarian reform beneficiary organizations in Northern
Initiating and Sustaining Participatory Processes: Small Farmer Organization
Case Studies from Sri Lanka and the Philippines
2002. XIV, 560 p., 36 EUR. ISBN 3-88156-753-4
lt is found that despite a large theoretical discourse
an participation in development, the actual scope of action remains limited by
the often differing interpretations and intentions associated with the term, in
particular within the conventional institutional framework of development projects.
In contrast, a well developed civil society sector is better geared for assisting
grassroots people to build und sustain autonomous self-help organizations.
36 López, Juan José Muñoz:
La preocupación central de este
trabajo es fundementar que en economías pequenas, abiertas y en proceso
de desarrollo es necesaria una política industrial activa, no sólo
a nivel macroeconómico sino también sectorial. De esta manere, los
resultados deben servir para proponer pautas para mejorar el diseno y la implementación
de esta política en el periodo post ajuste estructural. Se ha analizado
la polítka industriel de un caso específico, el costarricense en
sus distintas dimensiones: el discurso y diseno la aplicación y sus efectos
. Dado que el modelo de ajuste estructural ha dominado la polltica económica
coostarricense en las últimas dos décadas, su evaluación
constituye la parte medular del libro. Las principales acciones fueron la desgravación
arancelaria, ln fleibilidad cambiaria y la promoción de exportaciones.
Esta última contó con el apoyo político y financiero de todos
los gohiernos del periodo de estudio, convirtiéndose así en el eje
de esta política industrial. Por el contrario, en materia de reconversión
industrial y políticas de modernización tecnológica, lo que
hubo fue más discurso que implementación y es aquí donde
reside una de las principales debilidades del proceso de ajuste en Costa Rica.
Después de revisar la eficiencia de los instrumentos aplicados, se presentan
algunas líneas de acción para una nueva polítka industrial.
Política industrial y ajuste estructural en Costa Rica.
2002. XVI, 256 p., 27 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-757-7
37 Hüsken, Frans; de Jonge, Huub:
Indonesia’s recent history has seen a range
of violent clashes in various parts of the archipelago and since the fall of President
Suharto in 1998 the nation has been rent by regi.onalist, religious and ethnic
conflicts. Seen from that perspective, the Suharto years – the socalled New Order
period which started with a coup d’6tat in 1965 may look relatively quiet. Violence
and Vengeance is a collection of essays which provide an alternative and in-depth
view of the socio-political climate of the 1960s through the 1990s. The essays
show that in those years the threat and use of violence to achieve public or private
objectives was common practice. Foremost instigator and employer of violence was
the authoritarian state which in asserting its authority easily resorted to illegal
or extra-legal methods. Nevertheless, it was unable to enforce an actual monopoly
on the means of violence as separatist movements and opposition groups, as weil
as criminal gangs also had access to weapons. To suppress opposition, the state
willingly and knowingly employed paramilitary units and criminals, while it allowed
the private sector to establish semi-autonomous vigilantes. Violence became privatised
and pervaded Indonesian society in such a way that even in their personal lives,
people resorted to violent ways of settling private scores or of making their
power felt. The roots of present-day violence in Indonesia are at least partly
to be found in New Order politics.
Violence and Vengeance. Discontent and Conflict in New Order Indonesia.
2002. VI, 166 p., 21 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-758-5
Frans Hüsken (1945) and Huub de Jonge (1946)
both have extensive fieldwork experience in Indonesia and have published on various
aspects of lndonesian social and economic development. At present, they are on
the staff of the Department of Anthropology and Development Studies at the University
38 van Naerssen, Ton; Barten, Françoise
The Healthy Cities movement was launched
by the World Health Organisation in 1986 and has been adopted by many cities in
the world since then. Cities of developing countries in particular face major
urban environmental problems. Poverty and the environmental conditions which these
cities experience lead to the spread of infections and parasitic diseases. The
increasing burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases, injuries and
violence illustrate the desperate situation of the urban poor. However, environmental
problems are not confined to the poor. Ultimately these problems will influence
city-wide wellbeing. This calls for innovative approaches to improve urban health.
Healthy Cities can help to provide a solution through health promotion, the facilitation
of inter-sectoral co-operation and the participation of social groups. This publication
examines how Healthy Cities programmes have succeeded to put health issues on
the urban development policy agenda. It considers whether its implementation has
contributed to increased participation of actors of the civil society in urban
development and cross-sectoral policy in the South. It examines the extent to
which the approach has taken the economic, social, cultural c and political conditions
in developing countries into account as well as the global policy context. It
argues that there is a need to further clarify concepts.
Healthy Cities in Developing Countries. Lessons To Be Learned.
2002. VIII, 184 p., 24 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-761-5
39 und 40:
Vermeulen, Han; Kommers, Jean (eds):
Tales from Academia. History of Anthropology in the Netherlands.
39: Part 1. 2002. XVI, 598 p., 39 EUR, ISBN
40: Part 2. 2002. XII, 532 p., 38 EUR, ISBN
This book in two parts aims to provide
a comprehensive overview of the history of cultural, social and physical anthropology
in The Netherlands. Experienced anthropologists were invited to describe the history
of their own departments and specialisations. The forty-four authors present detailed
histories and relate developments as they themselves partly experienced them.
In keeping with recent ideas about ethnography, the editors preferred expressions
of anthropological practice as performed, rather than constructed and detached
de facto histories.
The book has two parts. The first part contains institutional
histories. The chapters show that each department has developed its own distinctive
voice, moving from ethnology (volkenkunde) and cultural anthropology to non-western
sociology. The focus is on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with an early
start in the eighteenth century. The second part presents a wide range of anthropological
specialisations. In both parts, attention has been paid to social contexts and
dynamic interrelations between anthropology and Dutch society.
These histories aim to contribute to disciplinary
and social discourse, as much as being part of that discourse. In its turn, we
hope that the book will generate new tales. For this reason, special care has
been given to present up-to-date bibliographies in order to provide full references
to anthropology in its various guises in The Netherlands.
41 Ganeshamoorthy, Murugesu:
In this book an attempt has been made to
explain the factors behind trade liberalization in developing countries from a
political economy perspective. It is often argued that the recent drive of trade
liberalization in developing countries has been a result of foreign pressure.
Western influences via the loan conditionality of the IMF and the World Bank have
been cited as the driving forces of opening up the economies of developing countries.
However, there are many important factors – other than loan conditionality – which
may be driving trade policy decisions in these countries.
The Political Economy of Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries:
The Sri Lankan Case.
2002. XIVI, 336 p., 33 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-765-8
Particularly, the role of the domestic political
factors may be crucial in policy-making.
This study basically intends to investigate all potential
factors – both from internal and external origin – which can influence a government’s
decision to liberalize its trade regime and the economy at large. A theoretical
framework has been developed in order to examine all relevant factor. This framework
is applied to the Sri Lankan trade liberalization of 1977. It appears that in
this case domestic factors such as a domestic economic crisis, change of the government
and strong leadership, are at least as important as external influences.
42 Borsboom, Ad; Jespers, Frans (eds):
This book is the result of an interdisciplinary
project by anthropologists and theologians concerning the relationships between
two subjects that are central to both disciplines: identity and religion. The
book opens with a general introduction, discussing the relationship between anthropologists
and theologians in a world affected by a change from colonialism to globalisation.
The first part of the book contains some general conceptual and philosophical
studies. The second part is devoted to case studies, ranging from Australian Aborigines,
to people in Africa, Surinam, India and to Muslims in the Netherlands. The third
and concluding part contains articles written by theologians. They concentrate
on matters of identity and dialogue in inter-religious contexts.
Identity and Religion. A Multidisciplinary Approach.
2003. VI, 300 p., 33 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-767-4
At the very moment that Christianity seems to be
loosing its prominence in expressions of Western identity, it is becoming a crucial
factor in the construction of many 'exotic' identities. This process involves
both Western as well as indigenous theologians. Therefore a reappraisal of the
relationship between theology and anthropology is urgent. All the more because
traditionally the relations between the two disciplines often were reduced to
those between anthropologists and missionaries.
43 Porras, Rafael Díaz:
The main purpose of the conducted research
is to develop a methodology for policy design that enhances the long-term competitiveness
of agribusiness in developing countries. The development of globalised production,
commercialisation and investments networks, determines much of the dynamics of
national agribusiness chains. For new policy design the global chain approach
has been extended with recent methodological advances of trade theories, systemic
competitiveness and environmental life cycle assessment.
A developing country perspective on policies for sustainable agribusiness
chains: the case of Costa Rica.
2003. XVIII, 358 p., 33 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-769-0
This method has been applied to the Costa Rican coffee,
cheese and baby vegetables sectors, in order to develop comparative competitiveness
and sustainability indicators, and to examine the impacts of economic policies
in these chains. Possible upgrading trajectories have been identified, which are
very much related to the strategies of global and national chain governance agents.
For coffee these are the big roasters and retailers in developed countries, while
for cheese and baby vegetables one finds respectively the main Costa Rican milk
processing co-operative and the Californian supermarket chains.
The environmental hot spots in the chains have been
localised for policy making because environmental and health requirements will
increase due to demands of consumers and intermediate businesses. Knowledge of
imperfect market structures and chain dynamics helps to prioritise the kind of
upgrading, which national chain agents may develop. The control of domestic chains
by multinational firms could become a problem. Developing countries' agents should
try to gain access to final consumption markets, branding and the provision of
certain specialised services to different agribusiness chain segments. The extended
commodity chain method is an appropriate tool to prioritise policies, operationalise
systemic competitiveness concepts, and address the institutional arrangements
44 Huigen, Siegfried; Kommers,
This book offers a collection of essays
about the interpretation of colonial representations, most of them in relation
to the Dutch East India Company (VOC). The history of a world wide operating trading
company like the VOC offers a great variety of contact histories, ranging from
situations of 'first contact' to the development of 'multicultural communities'.
In these histories representation is always immanent. It is manifest in the construction
of social images, as well as in the effects of social behaviour. In this book
the focus is on media that transmit representations of other people: language,
pictures, scientific discourses, narratives, and text editions.
Interpretations of Colonial Representations. Reflections on Alterity, Colonial
History, and Intercultural Contact.
2004. XI, 134 p., 24 EUR, ISBN 3-88156-776-3